In the northern part of the island dominates the mountain range of Pelinaios. On its slopes and on the coasts of the island we find different images from those of the south, with Kardamyla, Volissos, Pityos and many other settlements and exquisite beaches to seal the landscape and win the visitor.
Kardamyla, one of the oldest settlements on the island, home of sailors and shipowners is today a beautiful town. The village was founded by residents of the surrounding areas who gathered in this area, to avoid pirate raids.
Ano Kardamyla or Pano Chorio, with its dense web and narrow streets is the oldest settlement and has the elements of a fortified village. Arriving at the main square, which is dedicated to the memory of Konstantinos and Eugenia Tsimpli, you will enjoy the shade of the plane trees as well as a drink in the cafes.On the north side of the square dominates the basilica of Agia Paraskevi, which was completed at the beginning of the 20th century with a second aisle dedicated to Agia Markella. On the lintel of the temple, a built-in Turkish inscription of 1754 states the permit for its maintenance work. It is worth a walk in the settlement, which retains its original urban form. It is characterized by narrow streets, which are crowned by stone arches and several two-story houses, built of red stone with narrow balconies and almost impenetrable courtyards.In Ano Kardamyla it is also worth visiting the temples of Agios Nikolaos, Agios Georgios and Ypapantis with a pebbled courtyard. Also, the Spiritual Center which hosts a small church collection.
Kato Kardamyla or Marmaro is the port of the settlement and owes its name to the existence of white marble quarries in the area. It is a newer city, is the liveliest part of Kardamyla and has a beach for swimming, many accommodation options and taverns with fresh fish. Visit the square with the church of St. Luke built in 1600 with a remarkable wooden iconostasis and icons of the 19th century. The floor of the square is paved with the stone parts of the old bell tower that collapsed before the 1949 earthquake.Walking in the narrow streets of Marmaros, we discover neoclassical houses with nice carved doors and uniform arched windows. We also discover the mansions of the Kardamyli shipowners, with their intricate architecture. In Marble you can visit the exhibition of nautical relics which is housed on the ground floor of the City Hall.
Southwest of Kardamyla, the road leads you to the traditional and picturesque village of Pityos. It was formed during the Medieval times by the unification of scattered settlements and owes its name to the pine that existed in abundance in the past in the area. It is built on the edge of a cliff and retains its medieval character. In the village are preserved a rooster two-storey medieval tower above the houses and ruins of a wall. Also of interest are the stone church of Panagia Faneromeni, the churches of Agios Georgios and the post-Byzantine church of Agios Dimitrios next to the tower.The sights of the village include the building of the old primary school that today functions as a guest house and the monument of the expelled Pytians. A walk through the picturesque alleys will reveal many beauties, such as stone houses that retain their traditional architectural features and many walks in its narrow streets.Between the village and Kardamyla, northwest of the road is the Castle of Gria, a medieval fortress with two towers and a strong wall. The castle and the surrounding hills were fortified in November 1912 by the inhabitants of the island to repel the Turkish attack. Southwest of the road is the site of Koila, with another tower in an area that flourished during the Middle Ages.
Center of the municipal district of Amani, which dominates with its castle in the largest and richest plain in the north of the island. Built on the slopes of the hills, manorial and charming with stone houses and many churches, alleys and stairs, it is the most interesting settlement and the most representative example of architecture of North Chios. Typical in the old houses is the roof with the small slope that reminds rooms of other traditional settlements of the Aegean.The city has existed since ancient times. It was inhabited by aristocratic families of Byzantium and seems to have flourished during the Middle Ages. It is the special homeland of Agia Matrona and Agia Markella, which are extremely honored by the Chians.In the Pyrgos district, you will find the imposing church of Agios Nikolaos, with ornate architecture and carved stone walls, as well as the impressive church of Agios Georgios, with its magnificent wood-carved iconostasis, and that of Panagia with a four-storey staircase. The school and the Archaeological Collection housed in a restored building are of particular interest in Volissos.Six kilometers west of Volissos, on the beach is the famous monastery of Agia Markella which around 1500, died tragically at the hands of her father. The beach there is one of the most beautiful on the island. Crowds of pilgrims flock to the feast of the saint on July 22.