The Chios Plain is the plain that stretches along the east coast in a length of 10 and a width of about 2 km. The rocky hills that enclose it from the west supply the underground waters that make the Plain a vast orchard with gardens and citrus in direct relation to the Country. Kambos is a unique residential agricultural complex in a sensitive part of the Greek and European area in general, where the functions of housing, agriculture and complementary functions coexist harmoniously, where about 200 estates are located surrounded by high and ornate masonry walls.
The mansions corresponding to each estate are excellent examples of works of art in their entirety, but also in their individual morphological and architectural elements. They are of the highest historical and architectural significance over the centuries, both the same and the same number of auxiliary buildings, the ornate pebbled courtyards, pergolas, mangroves, citrus orchards and irrigation systems that are admirable for the time.
All of this is a living source of information from the 14th century to the present day about the political, economic and cultural structures of the society of Chios. In the 14th century facilities of the local aristocracy and of M. begin to be mentioned here aonas (Genoese), in towers that rose in the orchards. Later, during the 17th to the 19th century, the houses of Kampos were the summer residence of the rich merchants of Chios. >
The streets of Kampos are narrow and surrounded by high walls that protect the trees from dust and wind while preserving the privacy of the inhabitants. The arched entrance with heavy wooden doors lead to the yard. The yard is usually pebbled with deep shade trees and flowers while almost always within the courtyard is the cistern and well. A typical Cambodian mansion has two floors with a large stone staircase and one side along the road. The lower floor is a warehouse, while the habitable areas are located on the second floor where the view is not blocked by the trees.
Kampos has been designated a Historic Site by the Greek Ministry of Culture. A series of restorations have recently begun by both individuals and public bodies.
The Municipality of Chios has restored Mavrokordatiko, an old mansion in the center of the area. Many of the restored mansions are used as guesthouses as the area is of great tourist interest not only during the summer months but also in the spring when the whole area smells of citrus flowers. The most typical example of a Kambous mansion is the Argenti Estate, which is undoubtedly the most famous Kampusian mansion both inside and outside Chios. Each estate has at least one well. In each well there was the Manganese, a system of pumping water with animals. A cow or donkey was tied to the wood attached to the horizontal wheel and turned around the well by rotating the horizontal wheel, which in turn turned the large vertical wheel. On the vertical wheel there were two much larger perimeter wires to which some containers (the coils) were tied, which reached the depth where the water level was, pulled it to the surface and emptied it into the well's boats from where it was led to the cistern. The cistern is an approximately square open water tank. The water runs through elaborate marble gutters into deep troughs made of full-length marble or stone. This fills the cistern and from there through a fairly complex irrigation system the orchard is irrigated. From here the water of the well runs and the cistern is filled. Most of the gates in Kampos are arched. The arch is created from carved red and yellow stone from Thymiana. The main corridor that crosses the estate, especially in the large estates, is wide enough to be comfortably crossed by a donkey loaded with oranges and tangerines.