Chios is an island in the Central Aegean and the fifth largest in Greece with an area of 842 square kilometers and a coastline of 213 kilometers. Administered by the Chios Regional Unit, which belongs to the North Aegean Region along with Psara, Antipsara and Oinousses.
The population is 51,320 inhabitants (2011 census) living in the city of Chios, the capital and main port of the island, as well as the 64 villages of the island. Chios still has a large expat community in London and New York. The shortest distance of the island from the opposite coast of Asia Minor is 3.5 nautical miles from Cape Punta to the Eritrean Peninsula, at the height of Cesme.
Many myths have been woven into the name of Chios. . The oldest name of the island was, according to Homer, pre-Hellenic, Kios or Keos, names similar to the present one. Older legends say that the name "Chios" comes from Hion, who was a nymph, daughter of Oenopion. According to tradition, the first inhabitant and king of the island was Oenopion, son of Dionysus and Ariadne, who came from Crete to the southernmost part of Chios and taught the islanders the trade, the sea and how to cultivate it. the vines. In addition to Chion, Chios' fatherhood is claimed by another mythical person, Chios, son of Oceanus or Neptune, who was so named because of falling snow at birth. According to the historian-geographer Isidoros, the Syrians called Chios mastic. Geographer Alfred Dupper (1635-1689) says that Chia means offi in the Syrian language, hence the other name of Chios Ofiusha , which was given because of its many snakes. Another name for Chios was Pithoussa , probably because of the many pines that existed, especially in its northern part. Another name was Ariusa from the “aryan” tree, which is a species of oak-saw. The aria (oak) covered much of northwestern Chios. Other names were Smoke (quoted by Pliny the Guardian) and Aries , Italian Ruberto Valentino and Hieronymus say.